|Babur||1526-1530||Founded the Mughal Empire, defeated Ibrahim Lodi at the First Battle of Panipat|
|Humayun||1530-1540, 1555-1556||Overthrown by Sher Shah Suri, regained the throne but died shortly after|
|Akbar||1556-1605||The greatest Mughal emperor, expanded the empire to its greatest extent, promoted religious tolerance and cultural synthesis|
|Jahangir||1605-1627||Continued the expansion of the empire, patronized the arts and architecture|
|Shah Jahan||1628-1658||Built the Taj Mahal and other magnificent buildings|
|Aurangzeb||1658-1707||The last great Mughal emperor, expanded the empire further but also faced increasing religious tensions|
|Bahadur Shah I||1707-1712||Faced challenges from his own sons and the Maratha Empire|
|Jahandar Shah||1712-1713||Deposed and murdered by his brother Farrukhsiyar|
|Farrukhsiyar||1713-1719||Deposed and blinded by his wazir, Zulfiqar Khan Kokaltash|
|Muhammad Shah||1719-1748||Faced challenges from the Maratha Empire and the Afghans|
|Ahmad Shah Bahadur||1748-1754||Faced challenges from the Maratha Empire and the Rohilla Afghans|
|Alamgir II||1754-1759||Faced challenges from the Maratha Empire and the British East India Company|
|Shah Alam II||1759-1806||Restored to the throne by the British East India Company, ruled under their suzerainty|
|Akbar II||1806-1837||Faced challenges from the British East India Company|
|Bahadur Shah II||1837-1857||Last Mughal emperor, deposed by the British East India Company during the Indian Rebellion of 1857|
All the important rulers of the Mughal Empire:
The Mughal Empire was founded by Babur in 1526 and lasted for over 300 years. During this time, the empire was ruled by a number of important emperors, each of whom made significant contributions to the empire’s history.
Babur was the founder of the Mughal Empire. He was a descendant of Timur and Genghis Khan, and he came to India from Central Asia in order to conquer the Delhi Sultanate. Babur was a skilled military commander and administrator, and he quickly established his authority over the empire. He also promoted trade and commerce, and encouraged the arts and architecture.
Humayun was the son of Babur. He was a weak ruler, and he was overthrown by Sher Shah Suri, a Afghan warlord. Humayun was forced to flee India, and he spent the next 15 years in exile.
Akbar was the greatest of the Mughal emperors. He ruled from 1556 to 1605, and during his reign the empire reached its greatest extent. Akbar was a tolerant ruler, and he promoted religious harmony in the empire. He also patronized the arts and architecture, and his reign is considered to be the golden age of the Mughal Empire.
Jahangir was the son of Akbar. He ruled from 1605 to 1627, and he continued the expansion of the empire. He was also a patron of the arts and architecture, and he commissioned many beautiful buildings, including the Shalimar Gardens in Kashmir.
Shah Jahan was the son of Jahangir. He ruled from 1628 to 1658, and during his reign the empire reached its peak of power and glory. Shah Jahan is best known for building the Taj Mahal, one of the most beautiful buildings in the world.
Aurangzeb was the last great Mughal emperor. He ruled from 1658 to 1707, and during his reign the empire began to decline. Aurangzeb was a devout Muslim, and he imposed harsh religious laws on his subjects. This led to widespread discontent, and the empire began to fall apart after his death.
The Mughal Empire came to an end in 1857, when the British East India Company deposed the last Mughal