Differences between oxidation and reduction in table form

Below is a table highlighting the key differences between oxidation and reduction:

Electron TransferInvolves the loss of electrons.Involves the gain of electrons.
Oxidation StateIncreases the oxidation state of an element.Decreases the oxidation state of an element.
ExampleIron (Fe) oxidizes to form iron oxide (Fe2O3).Copper (Cu2+) ions reduce to form copper (Cu).
Oxygen Gain/LossInvolves the gain of oxygen atoms.Does not necessarily involve oxygen gain/loss.
Hydrogen Gain/LossInvolves the loss of hydrogen atoms.Involves the gain of hydrogen atoms.
Chemical ProcessOften associated with reactions with oxygen.Can involve various elements and compounds.
Energy ChangeGenerally releases energy (exothermic).Often requires energy (endothermic).
Reaction ParticipationOxidizing agents facilitate these reactions.Reducing agents facilitate these reactions.
Electron Donor/AcceptorDonates electrons to other substances.Accepts electrons from other substances.
Electrochemical CellOxidation occurs at the anode (+).Reduction occurs at the cathode (-).
CorrosionOften leads to the corrosion of metals.Can help prevent the corrosion of metals.

This table provides a concise overview of the main differences between oxidation and reduction, showcasing their contrasting characteristics and roles in chemical reactions.

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