Most important questions along with their answers on the Delhi Sultanate for government job aspirants:

ByDailyquizjoin.com

Aug 29, 2023

General Overview and Founders:

Q: Who was the founder of the Delhi Sultanate? A: Qutb-ud-din Aibak was the founder of the Delhi Sultanate.

Q: In which year was the Delhi Sultanate established? A: The Delhi Sultanate was established in 1206.

Q: What were the major dynasties that ruled the Delhi Sultanate? A: The major dynasties that ruled the Delhi Sultanate were the Slave (Mamluk), Khilji, Tughlaq, Sayyid, and Lodhi Dynasties.

Significant Rulers: 4. Q: What was the nickname of Muhammad bin Tughlaq and why? A: Muhammad bin Tughlaq was nicknamed “The Mad King” due to his unpredictable and unconventional decisions.

Q: Which ruler is known for shifting the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad? A: Muhammad bin Tughlaq shifted the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad.

Q: Who was the last ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty? A: Nasir-ud-din Mahmud was the last ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty.

Administrative and Economic Aspects: 7. Q: Explain the concept of “Iqta” in the Delhi Sultanate. A: “Iqta” was a system where land was granted to military commanders in exchange for revenue collection and maintaining troops.

Q: What was the purpose of the “Diwan-i-Risalat” during the Delhi Sultanate? A: The “Diwan-i-Risalat” was responsible for religious affairs and issuing religious decrees.

Q: Describe the token currency experiment introduced by Muhammad bin Tughlaq. A: Muhammad bin Tughlaq introduced token currency made of copper and brass, which caused confusion and economic disruption.

Cultural and Architectural Achievements: 10. Q: Name the famous mosque built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in Delhi. A: The Qutub Minar complex, including the Qutub Minar itself, was built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak.

Q: Who built the Alai Darwaza and where is it located? A: The Alai Darwaza was built by Alauddin Khilji and is located at the Qutub Minar complex in Delhi.

Q: Describe the architectural features of the Qutub Minar. A: The Qutub Minar is a five-story tower with intricate carvings and inscriptions. It combines Persian and Indian architectural styles.

Social and Religious Aspects: 13. Q: Explain the impact of the Delhi Sultanate on the Indian society. A: The Delhi Sultanate led to a cultural synthesis of Indian and Persian elements, influencing society, language, and architecture.

Q: Who was Ibn Battuta, and why is he significant in the context of the Delhi Sultanate? A: Ibn Battuta was a Moroccan traveler whose accounts provide valuable insights into the society and administration of the Delhi Sultanate.

Invasions and External Threats: 15. Q: Who led the Mongol invasions in India during the Delhi Sultanate? A: The Mongol invasions were led by Genghis Khan and his descendants.

Q: Describe the outcomes of the first Battle of Tarain. A: The first Battle of Tarain in 1191 resulted in the defeat of the Rajputs by Muhammad Ghori.

End of the Delhi Sultanate and Rise of the Mughals: 17. Q: Which ruler marked the end of the Sayyid Dynasty and the beginning of the Lodhi Dynasty? A: Bahlul Khan Lodhi marked the end of the Sayyid Dynasty and the beginning of the Lodhi Dynasty.

Q: Describe the events leading to the First Battle of Panipat. A: The First Battle of Panipat was fought in 1526 between Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi, resulting in Babur’s victory and the establishment of the Mughal Empire.

Literature and Language: 19. Q: Which language was predominantly used for administrative purposes during the Delhi Sultanate? A: Persian was predominantly used for administrative purposes during the Delhi Sultanate.

Q: Who is considered the father of the Persian language in India? A: Amir Khusrau is considered the father of the Persian language in India.

Trade and Commerce: 21. Q: Describe the trade routes and commercial activities during the Delhi Sultanate. A: The Delhi Sultanate was situated on the crossroads of major trade routes, facilitating trade with regions like Central Asia, Persia, and the Indian Ocean.

Women in the Delhi Sultanate: 22. Q: Name a prominent queen from the Delhi Sultanate who wielded political power. A: Razia Sultana was a prominent queen from the Delhi Sultanate who briefly ruled as the Sultan.

Decline and Legacy: 23. Q: What were the major factors that contributed to the decline of the Delhi Sultanate? A: Factors such as weak leadership, economic instability, and external invasions contributed to the decline of the Delhi Sultanate.

Q: How did the decline of the Delhi Sultanate pave the way for the Mughal Empire? A: The decline of the Delhi Sultanate created a power vacuum, which was exploited by Babur to establish the Mughal Empire.

Historical Records and Travelers: 25. Q: Who was Ziauddin Barani, and what is his significance in recording the history of the Delhi Sultanate? A: Ziauddin Barani was a historian who documented the events of the Delhi Sultanate, providing valuable historical insights.

Q: Describe the writings and observations of Ibn Battuta about the Delhi Sultanate. A: Ibn Battuta’s writings provide detailed accounts of the society, administration, and cultural practices during the Delhi Sultanate.

Education and Learning: 27. Q: What were the major centers of learning and education during the Delhi Sultanate? A: Major centers of learning included madrasas and institutions like the Madrasa-i-Nizamiya.

Impact on Indian Society: 28. Q: Explain the impact of the Delhi Sultanate on the caste system and social hierarchy in India. A: The Delhi Sultanate contributed to a more fluid social structure by providing opportunities for individuals based on merit rather than birth.

Art and Architecture: 29. Q: Describe the distinctive features of Indo-Islamic architecture as seen in the buildings of the Delhi Sultanate. A: Indo-Islamic architecture combined Islamic elements like arches and domes with Indian motifs and materials.

Innovations and Technological Advancements: 30. Q: Describe the technological advancements and innovations that occurred during the Delhi Sultanate. A: Technological advancements included the use of Persian wheels for irrigation and improvements in metalworking.

Political and Administrative Structure: 31. Q: Explain the role of the “Bakshi” in the Delhi Sultanate’s administration. A: The “Bakshi” was responsible for maintaining and distributing the army’s salaries and provisions.

Q: Describe the concept of “Iqta System” and its significance in governance. A: The “Iqta System” involved granting land in return for services, which helped manage revenue collection and military obligations.

Cultural Synthesis: 33. Q: Discuss how the Delhi Sultanate contributed to the synthesis of Indian and Persian cultures. A: The Delhi Sultanate facilitated the amalgamation of Persian administrative practices with Indian cultural elements.

Religious Policies: 34. Q: Describe the religious policies of different rulers of the Delhi Sultanate towards Hindu subjects. A: Rulers like Akbar and Alauddin Khilji adopted tolerant policies, while others imposed taxes and restrictions.

Sufi Influence: 35. Q: Explain the role of Sufi saints in spreading Islam and building social harmony during the Delhi Sultanate. A: Sufi saints emphasized devotion, piety, and equality, contributing to social cohesion and the spread of Islam.

Mongol Threats: 36. Q: How did the threat of Mongol invasions impact the military and defense strategies of the Delhi Sultanate? A: The threat of Mongol invasions led to the strengthening of defensive measures and military preparedness.

Interactions with Other Empires: 37. Q: Describe the diplomatic relations and interactions between the Delhi Sultanate and other empires like the Yuan Dynasty. A: The Delhi Sultanate maintained diplomatic ties with the Yuan Dynasty and exchanged envoys.

Legal System: 38. Q: What was the legal system during the Delhi Sultanate, and how was Islamic law incorporated into governance? A: The legal system was based on Islamic law, and qazis (judges) ensured the application of Sharia principles.

Agricultural Reforms: 39. Q: Discuss the agricultural reforms introduced by different rulers of the Delhi Sultanate. A: Rulers introduced irrigation systems, improved land cultivation, and promoted agricultural advancements.

Mughal Architectural Influence: 40. Q: How did the architectural styles of the Delhi Sultanate influence later Mughal architecture? A: The Delhi Sultanate’s architecture influenced Mughal structures, especially in the integration of Persian and Indian elements.

This list provides a comprehensive set of questions and answers covering various aspects of the Delhi Sultanate, ideal for government job aspirants preparing for exams.

Most important questions along with their answers on the Delhi Sultanate for government job aspirants:

General Overview and Founders:

Q: Who was the founder of the Delhi Sultanate? A: Qutb-ud-din Aibak was the founder of the Delhi Sultanate.

Q: In which year was the Delhi Sultanate established? A: The Delhi Sultanate was established in 1206.

Q: What were the major dynasties that ruled the Delhi Sultanate? A: The major dynasties that ruled the Delhi Sultanate were the Slave (Mamluk), Khilji, Tughlaq, Sayyid, and Lodhi Dynasties.

Significant Rulers: 4. Q: What was the nickname of Muhammad bin Tughlaq and why? A: Muhammad bin Tughlaq was nicknamed “The Mad King” due to his unpredictable and unconventional decisions.

Q: Which ruler is known for shifting the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad? A: Muhammad bin Tughlaq shifted the capital from Delhi to Daulatabad.

Q: Who was the last ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty? A: Nasir-ud-din Mahmud was the last ruler of the Tughlaq Dynasty.

Administrative and Economic Aspects: 7. Q: Explain the concept of “Iqta” in the Delhi Sultanate. A: “Iqta” was a system where land was granted to military commanders in exchange for revenue collection and maintaining troops.

Q: What was the purpose of the “Diwan-i-Risalat” during the Delhi Sultanate? A: The “Diwan-i-Risalat” was responsible for religious affairs and issuing religious decrees.

Q: Describe the token currency experiment introduced by Muhammad bin Tughlaq. A: Muhammad bin Tughlaq introduced token currency made of copper and brass, which caused confusion and economic disruption.

Cultural and Architectural Achievements: 10. Q: Name the famous mosque built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in Delhi. A: The Qutub Minar complex, including the Qutub Minar itself, was built by Qutb-ud-din Aibak.

Q: Who built the Alai Darwaza and where is it located? A: The Alai Darwaza was built by Alauddin Khilji and is located at the Qutub Minar complex in Delhi.

Q: Describe the architectural features of the Qutub Minar. A: The Qutub Minar is a five-story tower with intricate carvings and inscriptions. It combines Persian and Indian architectural styles.

Social and Religious Aspects: 13. Q: Explain the impact of the Delhi Sultanate on the Indian society. A: The Delhi Sultanate led to a cultural synthesis of Indian and Persian elements, influencing society, language, and architecture.

Q: Who was Ibn Battuta, and why is he significant in the context of the Delhi Sultanate? A: Ibn Battuta was a Moroccan traveler whose accounts provide valuable insights into the society and administration of the Delhi Sultanate.

Invasions and External Threats: 15. Q: Who led the Mongol invasions in India during the Delhi Sultanate? A: The Mongol invasions were led by Genghis Khan and his descendants.

Q: Describe the outcomes of the first Battle of Tarain. A: The first Battle of Tarain in 1191 resulted in the defeat of the Rajputs by Muhammad Ghori.

End of the Delhi Sultanate and Rise of the Mughals: 17. Q: Which ruler marked the end of the Sayyid Dynasty and the beginning of the Lodhi Dynasty? A: Bahlul Khan Lodhi marked the end of the Sayyid Dynasty and the beginning of the Lodhi Dynasty.

Q: Describe the events leading to the First Battle of Panipat. A: The First Battle of Panipat was fought in 1526 between Babur and Ibrahim Lodhi, resulting in Babur’s victory and the establishment of the Mughal Empire.

Literature and Language: 19. Q: Which language was predominantly used for administrative purposes during the Delhi Sultanate? A: Persian was predominantly used for administrative purposes during the Delhi Sultanate.

Q: Who is considered the father of the Persian language in India? A: Amir Khusrau is considered the father of the Persian language in India.

Trade and Commerce: 21. Q: Describe the trade routes and commercial activities during the Delhi Sultanate. A: The Delhi Sultanate was situated on the crossroads of major trade routes, facilitating trade with regions like Central Asia, Persia, and the Indian Ocean.

Women in the Delhi Sultanate: 22. Q: Name a prominent queen from the Delhi Sultanate who wielded political power. A: Razia Sultana was a prominent queen from the Delhi Sultanate who briefly ruled as the Sultan.

Decline and Legacy: 23. Q: What were the major factors that contributed to the decline of the Delhi Sultanate? A: Factors such as weak leadership, economic instability, and external invasions contributed to the decline of the Delhi Sultanate.

Q: How did the decline of the Delhi Sultanate pave the way for the Mughal Empire? A: The decline of the Delhi Sultanate created a power vacuum, which was exploited by Babur to establish the Mughal Empire.

Historical Records and Travelers: 25. Q: Who was Ziauddin Barani, and what is his significance in recording the history of the Delhi Sultanate? A: Ziauddin Barani was a historian who documented the events of the Delhi Sultanate, providing valuable historical insights.

Q: Describe the writings and observations of Ibn Battuta about the Delhi Sultanate. A: Ibn Battuta’s writings provide detailed accounts of the society, administration, and cultural practices during the Delhi Sultanate.

Education and Learning: 27. Q: What were the major centers of learning and education during the Delhi Sultanate? A: Major centers of learning included madrasas and institutions like the Madrasa-i-Nizamiya.

Impact on Indian Society: 28. Q: Explain the impact of the Delhi Sultanate on the caste system and social hierarchy in India. A: The Delhi Sultanate contributed to a more fluid social structure by providing opportunities for individuals based on merit rather than birth.

Art and Architecture: 29. Q: Describe the distinctive features of Indo-Islamic architecture as seen in the buildings of the Delhi Sultanate. A: Indo-Islamic architecture combined Islamic elements like arches and domes with Indian motifs and materials.

Innovations and Technological Advancements: 30. Q: Describe the technological advancements and innovations that occurred during the Delhi Sultanate. A: Technological advancements included the use of Persian wheels for irrigation and improvements in metalworking.

Political and Administrative Structure: 31. Q: Explain the role of the “Bakshi” in the Delhi Sultanate’s administration. A: The “Bakshi” was responsible for maintaining and distributing the army’s salaries and provisions.

Q: Describe the concept of “Iqta System” and its significance in governance. A: The “Iqta System” involved granting land in return for services, which helped manage revenue collection and military obligations.

Cultural Synthesis: 33. Q: Discuss how the Delhi Sultanate contributed to the synthesis of Indian and Persian cultures. A: The Delhi Sultanate facilitated the amalgamation of Persian administrative practices with Indian cultural elements.

Religious Policies: 34. Q: Describe the religious policies of different rulers of the Delhi Sultanate towards Hindu subjects. A: Rulers like Akbar and Alauddin Khilji adopted tolerant policies, while others imposed taxes and restrictions.

Sufi Influence: 35. Q: Explain the role of Sufi saints in spreading Islam and building social harmony during the Delhi Sultanate. A: Sufi saints emphasized devotion, piety, and equality, contributing to social cohesion and the spread of Islam.

Mongol Threats: 36. Q: How did the threat of Mongol invasions impact the military and defense strategies of the Delhi Sultanate? A: The threat of Mongol invasions led to the strengthening of defensive measures and military preparedness.

Interactions with Other Empires: 37. Q: Describe the diplomatic relations and interactions between the Delhi Sultanate and other empires like the Yuan Dynasty. A: The Delhi Sultanate maintained diplomatic ties with the Yuan Dynasty and exchanged envoys.

Legal System: 38. Q: What was the legal system during the Delhi Sultanate, and how was Islamic law incorporated into governance? A: The legal system was based on Islamic law, and qazis (judges) ensured the application of Sharia principles.

Agricultural Reforms: 39. Q: Discuss the agricultural reforms introduced by different rulers of the Delhi Sultanate. A: Rulers introduced irrigation systems, improved land cultivation, and promoted agricultural advancements.

Mughal Architectural Influence: 40. Q: How did the architectural styles of the Delhi Sultanate influence later Mughal architecture? A: The Delhi Sultanate’s architecture influenced Mughal structures, especially in the integration of Persian and Indian elements.

This list provides a comprehensive set of questions and answers covering various aspects of the Delhi Sultanate, ideal for government job aspirants preparing for exams.

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