Quiz Set 17 (Indian rivers and water bodies)

Question 1: Which river is known as the “Ganges” in India? A) Yamuna B) Brahmaputra C) Godavari D) Ganga

Answer: D) Ganga Explanation: The river Ganga, often referred to as the “Ganges,” is one of the most sacred and important rivers in India. It originates in the Himalayas and flows through several states before reaching the Bay of Bengal. It holds immense religious, cultural, and ecological significance.

Question 2: Which river is often referred to as the “Sorrow of Bihar” due to its frequent floods? A) Godavari B) Brahmaputra C) Yamuna D) Kosi

Answer: D) Kosi Explanation: The Kosi River is known as the “Sorrow of Bihar” due to its history of causing devastating floods in the state of Bihar. The river’s unpredictable behavior and tendency to change its course have resulted in numerous flood-related disasters.

Question 3: Which river is the longest in India? A) Yamuna B) Godavari C) Brahmaputra D) Ganga

Answer: B) Godavari Explanation: The Godavari River is the longest river in India, originating in the Western Ghats and flowing across several states in the Deccan Plateau before merging into the Bay of Bengal. It plays a crucial role in the agricultural and cultural landscape of central and southern India.

Question 4: Which river flows through the city of Varanasi, one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world? A) Yamuna B) Ganga C) Brahmaputra D) Narmada

Answer: B) Ganga Explanation: The city of Varanasi, also known as Banaras or Kashi, is situated on the banks of the Ganga (Ganges) River. It is one of the oldest cities in the world and a significant spiritual and cultural center for Hindus.

Question 5: Which river originates from the Mansarovar Lake in Tibet and enters India through Arunachal Pradesh? A) Yamuna B) Godavari C) Brahmaputra D) Ganga

Answer: C) Brahmaputra Explanation: The Brahmaputra River originates from the Mansarovar Lake in Tibet and enters India through the northeastern state of Arunachal Pradesh. It is a major transboundary river in the region, impacting India, China, and Bangladesh.

Question 6: Which river forms the southern boundary of the Sundarbans mangrove forest? A) Narmada B) Godavari C) Yamuna D) Hooghly (Distributary of Ganga)

Answer: D) Hooghly (Distributary of Ganga) Explanation: The Hooghly River, which is a distributary of the Ganga, forms the southern boundary of the Sundarbans mangrove forest in West Bengal. The Sundarbans is known for its rich biodiversity and the presence of the Royal Bengal tiger.

Question 7: The famous city of Kolkata (Calcutta) is located along the banks of which river? A) Yamuna B) Godavari C) Hooghly D) Brahmaputra

Answer: C) Hooghly Explanation: The city of Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) is situated along the banks of the Hooghly River, which is a distributary of the Ganga. Kolkata is a prominent cultural, commercial, and educational hub in India.

Question 8: Which river is known as the “Beas” in India? A) Chenab B) Jhelum C) Sutlej D) Beas

Answer: D) Beas Explanation: The Beas River is known as the “Beas” in India. It originates in the Himalayas and flows through the northern states of Himachal Pradesh and Punjab.

Question 9: Which river is considered the lifeline of the state of Maharashtra and flows through cities like Nashik and Pune? A) Yamuna B) Godavari C) Narmada D) Krishna

Answer: B) Godavari Explanation: The Godavari River is considered the lifeline of the state of Maharashtra. It flows through important cities such as Nashik and Pune, providing water for irrigation and various other purposes.

Question 10: The famous Victoria Falls, one of the largest waterfalls in the world, is located on which river? A) Brahmaputra B) Ganga C) Godavari D) Zambezi (Not Indian)

Answer: D) Zambezi (Not Indian) Explanation: The Victoria Falls is located on the Zambezi River, which is not located in India. The falls are a natural wonder situated on the border between Zimbabwe and Zambia in Africa.

Question 11: Which river is known as the “Sindhu” in India? A) Ganga B) Brahmaputra C) Sutlej D) Indus

Answer: D) Indus Explanation: The Indus River is known as the “Sindhu” in India. It is one of the major rivers in the Indian subcontinent and played a significant role in the development of ancient civilizations.

Question 12: Which river is known as the “Yangtze” in China and enters India in Arunachal Pradesh? A) Brahmaputra B) Ganga C) Yamuna D) Beas

Answer: A) Brahmaputra Explanation: The Brahmaputra River is known as the “Yangtze” in China. It enters India through Arunachal Pradesh and flows through the northeastern region, impacting India, China, and Bangladesh.

Question 13: Which river is considered holy in Hinduism and is known for the Kumbh Mela festival? A) Narmada B) Yamuna C) Ganga D) Sutlej

Answer: C) Ganga Explanation: The Ganga River is considered holy in Hinduism and is known for the Kumbh Mela, one of the world’s largest religious gatherings. Pilgrims gather to take a holy dip in the Ganga during this festival.

Question 14: Which river is known as the “Bhagirathi” in its upper course and joins the Alaknanda to form the Ganga? A) Yamuna B) Ganga C) Bhilangna D) Mandakini

Answer: B) Ganga Explanation: The Ganga River is known as the “Bhagirathi” in its upper course. It joins the Alaknanda River at Devprayag to form the Ganga.

Question 15: The picturesque city of Rishikesh is located on the banks of which river? A) Mandakini B) Godavari C) Yamuna D) Ganga

Answer: D) Ganga Explanation: Rishikesh is situated on the banks of the Ganga River. It is a renowned spiritual and yoga center, attracting seekers from around the world.

Question 16: Which river flows through the famous Chilika Lake before entering the Bay of Bengal? A) Brahmani B) Godavari C) Yamuna D) Mahanadi

Answer: D) Mahanadi Explanation: The Mahanadi River flows through the famous Chilika Lake in Odisha before emptying into the Bay of Bengal.

Question 17: Which river is known as the “Narmada” in India? A) Tapti B) Yamuna C) Narmada D) Godavari

Answer: C) Narmada Explanation: The Narmada River is known as the “Narmada” in India. It is one of the major rivers of central India, flowing through Madhya Pradesh and Gujarat.

Question 18: The city of Udaipur is situated around which artificial lake? A) Dal Lake B) Chilika Lake C) Pichola Lake D) Sambhar Lake

Answer: C) Pichola Lake Explanation: The city of Udaipur is situated around the beautiful Pichola Lake, an artificial lake that adds to the city’s charm and beauty.

Question 19: Which river is known as the “Yamuna” in India? A) Indus B) Brahmaputra C) Sutlej D) Yamuna

Answer: D) Yamuna Explanation: The Yamuna River is known as the “Yamuna” in India. It is a major tributary of the Ganga and flows through northern India.

Question 20: Which river flows through the famous Sunderbans mangrove forest? A) Yamuna B) Godavari C) Hooghly D) Ganga

Answer: C) Hooghly Explanation: The Hooghly River, a distributary of the Ganga, flows through the famous Sunderbans mangrove forest in West Bengal.

Question 21: The city of Patna is situated along the banks of which river? A) Brahmaputra B) Yamuna C) Ganga D) Sutlej

Answer: C) Ganga Explanation: The city of Patna is situated along the banks of the Ganga River. It is the capital of the state of Bihar and has a rich historical and cultural heritage.

Question 22: Which river forms the famous Jog Falls, the second-highest plunge waterfall in India? A) Godavari B) Yamuna C) Sharavati D) Tungabhadra

Answer: C) Sharavati Explanation: The Sharavati River forms the famous Jog Falls in Karnataka. Jog Falls is one of the highest plunge waterfalls in India.

Question 23: Which river forms the southern boundary of the state of Uttar Pradesh and flows through the city of Kanpur? A) Ganga B) Yamuna C) Son D) Chambal

Answer: B) Yamuna Explanation: The Yamuna River forms the southern boundary of the state of Uttar Pradesh and flows through the city of Kanpur.

Question 24: Which river flows through the city of Ahmedabad and eventually joins the Arabian Sea? A) Tapi B) Sabarmati C) Luni D) Mahi

Answer: B) Sabarmati Explanation: The Sabarmati River flows through the city of Ahmedabad and eventually joins the Arabian Sea.

Question 25: Which river originates from the Amarkantak Plateau and is known as the “Lifeline of Madhya Pradesh”? A) Tapti B) Narmada C) Yamuna D) Mahanadi

Answer: B) Narmada Explanation: The Narmada River originates from the Amarkantak Plateau and is often referred to as the “Lifeline of Madhya Pradesh.” It flows through the state, providing water for various purposes.

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