Question 1: What is the largest mammal on Earth? A) African Elephant B) Blue Whale C) Giraffe D) Polar Bear
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Blue Whale. The Blue Whale holds the title of being the largest mammal on Earth, both in terms of size and weight. Adult Blue Whales can reach lengths of over 90 feet and weigh up to 200 tons.
Question 2: Which planet is known as the “Gas Giant”? A) Mars B) Saturn C) Earth D) Venus
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Saturn. Saturn is often referred to as a “Gas Giant” due to its predominantly gaseous composition, primarily hydrogen and helium, and its lack of a solid surface.
Question 3: Who is known for developing the theory of evolution by natural selection? A) Isaac Newton B) Charles Darwin C) Albert Einstein D) Marie Curie
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Charles Darwin. Charles Darwin is famous for developing the theory of evolution by natural selection, which revolutionized our understanding of how species evolve over time.
Question 4: Which organ is responsible for filtering waste from the blood and producing urine? A) Liver B) Stomach C) Kidney D) Pancreas
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Kidney. The kidneys are responsible for filtering waste and excess substances from the blood to produce urine, which is then excreted from the body.
Question 5: Which painting is known for featuring a woman with a mysterious smile? A) The Starry Night B) The Persistence of Memory C) Mona Lisa D) The Scream
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Mona Lisa. The painting “Mona Lisa” by Leonardo da Vinci is known for featuring a woman with a mysterious and enigmatic smile.
Question 6: What is the currency of Japan? A) Yuan B) Yen C) Won D) Euro
Explanation: The correct answer is B) Yen. The currency of Japan is the Japanese Yen.
Question 7: Which gas is responsible for the Northern Lights (Aurora Borealis)? A) Helium B) Neon C) Hydrogen D) Oxygen
Explanation: The correct answer is D) Oxygen. The Northern Lights, or Aurora Borealis, are caused by the interaction of charged particles from the Sun with Earth’s atmosphere, primarily oxygen and nitrogen, producing colorful light displays.
Question 8: Which novel features a young wizard named Harry Potter? A) The Lord of the Rings B) The Chronicles of Narnia C) Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone D) A Song of Ice and Fire
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone. The “Harry Potter” series by J.K. Rowling follows the adventures of a young wizard named Harry Potter.
Question 9: Which natural disaster is measured on the Richter scale? A) Hurricane B) Tornado C) Earthquake D) Tsunami
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Earthquake. The Richter scale is used to measure the magnitude of earthquakes, indicating the energy released by the seismic activity.
Question 10: Which gas is responsible for the greenhouse effect on Earth? A) Oxygen B) Carbon Monoxide C) Carbon Dioxide D) Nitrogen
Explanation: The correct answer is C) Carbon Dioxide. Carbon dioxide is a greenhouse gas that plays a significant role in the greenhouse effect, contributing to the warming of the Earth’s atmosphere.